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Property types in Germany

Property types in Germany

As you know, real estate is divided into two main types:
- Commercial real estate (or investment: hotels, yacht clubs, wineries, restaurants, shops, offices, factories, warehouses, petrol stations, shopping malls, etc.)
Residential properties (facilities suitable for personal accommodation as well as for lease).

 In its turn, residential real estate in Germany is divided into the following groups:

• EW (Eigentumswohnung)
• EFH (Einfamilienhaus)
• DHH (Doppelhaushälfte)
• MFH (Mehrfamilienhaus)
• RH (Reihenhaus)
• REH (Reihenendhaus)
• EW (Eigentumswohnung)

ЕW (Eigentumswohnung)
The apartment can be located both in a small house for 3-4 separate families and in the apartment building, which includes several hundred apartments.
Eastern German states (former East Germany) are rich in houses of panel type construction of Soviet times. Often the houses were used as officers' dormitory, currently equipped with modern heating systems, elevators, facades are refurbished and successfully leased to people with average incomes.
As the owner of an apartment in the house you however have to participate financially in the planned facility repair, which is run by the housing cooperative.

EFH (Einfamilienhaus)
The house for one family with its own plot of land, an accommodation of one or several floors.
The site can be located both on a separate space and borders on the adjacent other objects. The undeniable advantage of this type of property is that the owner is the only and independent proprietor of his property.
This type of housing is the most appealing and the most expensive. It especially concerns houses within the city limits. Therefore the Germans prefer to live in close proximity to the city, the distance of 30-50 km from the center reduces the property value significantly, but the quality of German roads and well-developed infrastructure on the periphery smooth this inconvenience.
DHH (Doppelhaushälfte)
The two-family semidetached house with two separate entrances. This type is often used as a residence place for several generations, such as children and parents. At the same time the physical property delineation makes it possible to run the house separately, independently, close to relatives.
Profitability of the object is in saving provided by purchasing land on which the house is built. The special permits and documents regarding such property type are issued in one package.

MFH (Mehrfamilienhaus)
The house designed for 3 and more families. The houses designed for 8-12 separate apartments are very popular with the Germans. Residents have common stairwells, elevator, and availability of land possession, used together or separately. Such houses are often equipped with a garage blocks or parking spaces for each apartment. The small number of separate objects in one building makes it quite easy to support certain level of cleanliness and order.

RH (Reihenhaus)
Row houses are "sections" of one structure. Generally detached houses have small adjacent land parcels. For each apartment detached garage unit and basement are designed.
The advantages of such housing type are the energy saving factor and more profitable cost compared to EFH (Einfamilienhaus).
The disadvantage is neighbors at least on one side and the relative freedom in the design of the facade, because it should meet requirements to the whole complex design.

REH (Reihenendhaus)
This is the same type as RH (Reihenhaus), but is located from any edge of the total building. The advantage is in the neighbor’s absence on one side of your property. The disadvantage is lower thermal isolation, since the house is not heated by adjacent buildings, and directly exposed to weather conditions.

Real Estate Germany

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